The decision to enroll in a clinical trial should involve a discussion between the person with prostate cancer and that individual’s physician. Participation will depend on many factors, including the motivation for enrolling in a trial, the stage of the prostate cancer, and the trials available.
Different Types of Prostate Cancer Studies
There are many different reasons as to why researchers conduct prostate cancer clinical trials. These can include:
- Testing a therapy, such as a drug or other medical intervention, for treating existing prostate cancer. These are known as interventional trials.
- Finding ways to stop the development of prostate cancer, including changes in lifestyle, diet, or medications. These are called prevention trials.
- Evaluating ways to better diagnose prostate cancer. These are referred to as diagnostic and screening trials.
- Studying prostate cancer in a large group of people to better understand it as a health issue. This is known as an observational trial or a non-interventional study.
- Examining ways to improve the comfort and quality of life for people with prostate cancer. These are often called supportive care trials or quality of life trials.
In the case of new treatments (interventional trials), three separate trial phases are required by U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). If the trial is taking place elsewhere, those phases are required by the equivalent governing bodies of the country where the trial is being conducted.
Some Current Areas of Prostate Cancer Interventional Studies
Interventional trials are the most common type of clinical trial involving people with prostate cancer. Medical researchers are now studying several new an