The prostate is something that every man knows about, but few realize the various functions this walnut-sized gland is responsible for in the male reproductive system. We’ve put together a list of 10 amazing functions the prostate gland performs based on information from bewellbuzz.com.
It helps produce semen.
The main function of the prostate is to help produce semen. It makes an alkaline fluid which mixes with sperm during ejaculation to create semen. The alkaline fluid helps to protect the sperm once it reaches a woman’s vagina as this is an acidic environment.
It produces prostate-specific antigen (PSA).
The prostate produces a fluid called prostate-specific antigen (PSA) which also helps the sperm by acting like a glue to attach it to a woman’s cervix. The “glue” then dissolves and the sperm is free to swim into the uterus to find an egg.
The high levels of PSA in a man can also be an indication of prostate cancer. Men over a certain age should have their PSA levels checked on a yearly basis. This is done through a simple blood test.
It pumps sperm.
As well as helping to make semen, the prostate gland helps to pump out sperm during intercourse. The pumping action ensures that the sperm can travel far enough into the uterus to possibly find an egg. This experience helps make sex pleasurable for men.
It’s the “G-spot.”
The prostate gland is also known as the male “G-spot” and if stimulated during sex can lead to an intense orgasm for some men.
It acts as a filter.
The prostate gland acts as a filter for sperm, removing any toxins that would inhibit the sperm from doing its job. It’s believed that there is an increase in prostate diseases because there are more toxins in the air we breathe and food we eat, so the prostate has to work harder.
It creates erections.
The prostate nerves play a role in creating and maintaining erections during sex as they trigger extra blood to the penis to help it swell. Many prostate treatments have the potential to disrupt this process and cause issues with erections.
It protects against urinary tract infections.
Prostate secretions can help protect the urethra from urinary tract infections (UTIs).
It controls urine flow.
The prostate controls the flow of urine down the urethra and stops urine from leaving the bladder until a man needs to urinate. It also ensures that no urine is mixed with sperm when a man ejaculates. As the prostate grows, the pressure on the urethra can cause problems with urination.
It produces hormones.
The prostate is responsible for the production of the male hormones dihydrotestosterone (DHT) which happens when testosterone is converted to DHT by the 5-alpha-reductase enzyme in the prostate. DHT is responsible for the male sex drive and as a man ages this production may slow due to toxins in the prostate and lead to a reduced sex drive.
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