Prostate cancer is a type of malignant tumor that can affect men of all ages, but particularly older men. It attacks the walnut-sized prostate gland, which is located between the bladder and penis, in front of the rectum. The prostate is responsible for the production of a fluid that is expelled with sperm during ejaculation, composing the semen. The symptoms of prostate cancer include urination problems, pain, erectile dysfunction, and weakness or numbness in the limbs.
There are different approaches for the treatment of prostate cancer, depending on the patient, age, stage and extent of the disease. Here’s a list of six prostate cancer therapies and treatment options you should know about (source: Prostate Cancer Foundation website):
1. Active surveillance or watchful waiting, is being used more and more lately as a safe treatment option for men who decide not to undergo immediate surgery or radiation therapy. While on active surveillance, prostate cancer is carefully monitored for signs of progression. A PSA blood test and digital rectal exam are administered periodically along with a repeat biopsy of the prostate at one year and then at specific intervals thereafter. If symptoms develop, or if tests indicate the cancer is growing, treatment might be warranted. (Read more about ‘Active Surveillance’ of Lower Risk Prostate Cancers Seen as Safe Approach in Study, But Only in Certain Patients)