Google Develops Augmented Reality Microscope to Better Detect Cancer

Google Develops Augmented Reality Microscope to Better Detect Cancer
Google AI researchers developed an artificial intelligence (AI) system that can accurately detect cancer — prostate and breast cancer so far — in a standard microscope in real time. Besides its potential with cancer, this technology may be helpful in diagnosing other diseases and in several other research areas. Findings of the study, titled “An Augmented Reality Microscope for Real­time Automated Detection of Cancer,” were shared in the Google AI blog and recently presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Association for Cancer Research. Microscopic review of tissues, such as biopsy samples, on glass slides by a pathologist — a physician specializing in disease diagnosis based on examination of body tissues and fluids — is the current gold standard for cancer diagnosis. However, cancer diagnosis is a time-consuming process because it can be like searching for a needle in a haystack, involving the screening of a vast amount of data, and tumors often resemble healthy tissue. Digital pathology transforms tissue samples on glass slides into digital images, which have been used to create AI algorithms that improve diagnostic accuracy. However, digital pathology systems are still very expensive, limiting the widespread adoption of AI algorithms in pathology. Now researchers at Google AI have developed an approach called the Augmented Reality Microscope (ARM) that brings AI algorithms to the regular microscope. It consists of a standard light microscope with a slight modification — the addition of a small digital camera and augmented reality display connected to a computer that runs the algorithm — which can be performed in any microscope in the world using low-cost, readily available components. This allows the real-time visua
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